ABOUT BREED

Beauce Sheepdog - (Berger de Beauce-Beauceron-Bas Rouge)

From times immemorial, these dogs have been serving as flock guardians on French plateaus, especially in the province Beauce,after which they got their name.They descend from the old French sheepdog of wire hair.They appearance have changed little during decades so they are especially beloved by so-called natural breeds enthusiasts who appreciate a rustic and natural appearance.A relatively small number of dogs that have been included into selection,has undoubtedly also contributed to this fact.Many uninformed observers may think that the speech is about the Dobermann. No wonder if we remember that F.R.Dobermann,while creating the breed,used probably the French Sheepdog too,which had come to Germany with Napoleon's formations.Undoubtedly,the Beauceron influenced considerably the appearance of the today's Dobermann in terms of genetics.Beauceron is a dog of slightly longer body, shorter muzzle and longer hair.This is a compact dog of strong and solid built,agile and full of temperament,of great psycho-physical vigour,with a pronounced instinct for protecting its own integrity and anything it considers its property. It likes company and game, although it can be sometimes rude during game.It's a loyal companion and friend,especially addicted to one person.These dogs have a very pronounced as shepherds in France also nowadays.They have a good scent so people use them for finding mushrooms too.All this features make them excellent utility dogs.


Nowadays that's one of the most common utility dog breeds in French police and army.

The Beaucerons are also called Bas Rouge(red stockings)owing to their tan of squirrel-red colour which reaches their hocks. The Beauceron is a breed recognised officially only in 1897 although documents on a similar dog originate even from 16th century.A characteristic of this breed are dewclaws on their hindlegs.

A characteristic of this
breed are dewclaws on
their hindlegs.
General appearance:
The Beauceron is a dog of medium-height,of solid built,strong and muscular, but not too massive.The height of a male is 63 to 70 cm and of a bitch 61 to 68 cm. Its approach is candid, without timidity.
Ears:
Set high.If cropped,they are carried upright,pointing slightly forward.Drop-ears or half-folded if they are uncropped.
 
Head:
Long,strong,with flat or slightly rounded skull.The occipital protuberance is moderately pronounced but well visible. Stop is moderately pronounced and divides the cranial region from muzzle. Muzzle is long and strong,with well developed jaws.Teeth are white and strong with scissor bite.Eyes are horizontal,dark and slightly oval in shape.
CORRECT CONVEX STOP TO PRONOUNCED
CONCAVE TO SHARP  
 
LIPS TO LOOSE STOP NOT PRONOUNCED ENOUGH  
CORRECT TOO LONG
TOO SHORT SWAN NECK
Neck:
Of medium lenght, strong,muscular, without excess skin.
Body:
The length is slightly greater than the height.The back is straight,well muscled and firm.The chest is broad,and deep.The loin is well muscled and broad enough.The croupe is slightly inclined,of medium length.Bottom line mustn't be elevated.
ABDOMEN
CORRECT
DISTENDED
TUCKED UP
BACK
CORRECT TOO LONG
SADDLEBACK CARP BACK

CROUPE
CORRECT TOO INCLINED TOO STRAIGHT

CHEST IN PROFILE

NOT DEEP ENOUGH TOO DEEP CORRECT

CHEST FROM THE FRONT

CORRECT NARROW TOO DEEP TOO BROAD
Forequarters:
Shoulders are long sloping,well muscled.Legs are straight, with sttrong bones,upright and parallel.Feet are round and compact. Nails are strong and well pigmented.

STAND OF FOREQUARTERS

CORRECT O - LEGS
ELBOWS TOO WIDELY APART X - LEGS
 

STAND OF HINDQUARTERS

CORRECT NARROW
"COW HOCKS" WIDE
Hindquarters:
Strong,with broad and muscular thigs,parallel.The angle between second thigh and pastern is well open. Dewclaws are a breed characteristic. They must have a bone base.
CORRECT ANGULATION OF HINDQUARTER
Tail:
Well hairy.It forms a slight hook in the form of a "J". The tail tip must reach at least the height of the hocks.
CARRIED CORRECTLY IN REST CARRIED CORRECTLY IN ACTION TAIL SET INCORRECTLY
"RAT TAIL" ROLLED OVER THE BACK "TAIL IN FORM OF CANDLE"
ROLLED A LITTLE ROLLED SLIGHTLY CURVED

Coat:

Firm,lying close to the body,protects the animal excellently in all weather conditions.It's short on the head,and 2,5 to 3 cm long on the body,reaching its maximum length of 3,5 to 4 cm.On the backside of the thighs and the underside of the tail,it forms fringes.

Colours:
Black and tan(bicolore),more known as "bas rouges"(red stoskings) or grey,black and tan(tricolore),more known as harlequin.A small white spot on the chest is allowed.

Character:

The Beauceron is a strong and fearless dog,with a pronounced temperament,loyal to its handler.It accepts training very easily and it works with great pleasure so it's suitable for any kind of training.It's distrustful and sometimes very harsh toward strangers. Every animal which is aggressive or timid without reason or shows excessive distrust should be eliminated from breeding.
Literature :
G.Gulan "Utility Dogs",Dusevic & Krsovnik p.o. Rijeka, 1994
R.Sauvignac "Le Berger de Beauce", Editions De Vecchi S.A. Paris,1987
www.berger-de-beauce.com